In a surprise move Cisco has discontinued all CCNA concentrations and announced new consolidated CCNA exam starting Feb 24, 2020.
The new CCNA program is designed to prepare you for today’s associate-level job roles in IT technologies. CCNA now includes security and automation and programmability. The program has one certification that covers a broad range of fundamentals for IT careers, with one exam and one training course to help you prepare.
Newly retooled for the latest technologies and job roles, the CCNA training course and exam give you the foundation you need to take your career in any direction. CCNA certification covers a breadth of topics, including:
- Network fundamentals
- Network access
- IP connectivity
- IP services
- Security fundamentals
- Automation and programmability
||Implementing and Administering Cisco Solutions (CCNA)
Detailed Topics of new CCNA Program:
1.0 Network Fundamentals
|1.1 Explain the role and function of network components
- 1.1.a Routers
- 1.1.b L2 and L3 switches
- 1.1.c Next-generation firewalls and IPS
- 1.1.d Access points
- 1.1.e Controllers (Cisco DNA Center and WLC)
- 1.1.f Endpoints
- 1.1.g Servers
1.2 Describe characteristics of network topology architectures
- 1.2.a 2 tier
- 1.2.b 3 tier
- 1.2.c Spine-leaf
- 1.2.d WAN
- 1.2.e Small office/home office (SOHO)
- 1.2.f On-premises and cloud
1.3 Compare physical interface and cabling types
- 1.3.a Single-mode fiber, multimode fiber, copper
- 1.3.b Connections (Ethernet shared media and point-to-point)
- 1.3.c Concepts of PoE
1.4 Identify interface and cable issues (collisions, errors, mismatch duplex, and/or speed)
1.5 Compare TCP to UDP
1.6 Configure and verify IPv4 addressing and subnetting
1.7 Describe the need for private IPv4 addressing
1.8 Configure and verify IPv6 addressing and prefix
1.9 Compare IPv6 address types
- 1.9.a Global unicast
- 1.9.b Unique local
- 1.9.c Link local
- 1.9.d Anycast
- 1.9.e Multicast
- 1.9.f Modified EUI 64
1.10 Verify IP parameters for Client OS (Windows, Mac OS, Linux)
1.11 Describe wireless principles
- 1.11.a Nonoverlapping Wi-Fi channels
- 1.11.b SSID
- 1.11.c RF
- 1.11.d Encryption
1.12 Explain virtualization fundamentals (virtual machines)
1.13 Describe switching concepts
- 1.13.a MAC learning and aging
- 1.13.b Frame switching
- 1.13.c Frame flooding
- 1.13.d MAC address table
2.0 Network Access
|2.1 Configure and verify VLANs (normal range) spanning multiple switches
- 2.1.a Access ports (data and voice)
- 2.1.b Default VLAN
- 2.1.c Connectivity
2.2 Configure and verify interswitch connectivity
- 2.2.a Trunk ports
- 2.2.b 802.1Q
- 2.2.c Native VLAN
2.3 Configure and verify Layer 2 discovery protocols (Cisco Discovery Protocol and LLDP)
2.4 Configure and verify (Layer 2/Layer 3) EtherChannel (LACP)
2.5 Describe the need for and basic operations of Rapid PVST+ Spanning Tree Protocol and identify basic operations
- 2.5.a Root port, root bridge (primary/secondary), and other port names
- 2.5.b Port states (forwarding/blocking)
- 2.5.c PortFast benefits
2.6 Compare Cisco Wireless Architectures and AP modes
2.7 Describe physical infrastructure connections of WLAN components (AP,WLC, access/trunk ports, and LAG)
2.8 Describe AP and WLC management access connections (Telnet, SSH, HTTP,HTTPS, console, and TACACS+/RADIUS)
2.9 Configure the components of a wireless LAN access for client connectivity using GUI only such as WLAN creation, security settings, QoS profiles, and advanced WLAN settings
3.0 IP Connectivity
|3.1 Interpret the components of routing table
- 3.1.a Routing protocol code
- 3.1.b Prefix
- 3.1.c Network mask
- 3.1.d Next hop
- 3.1.e Administrative distance
- 3.1.f Metric
- 3.1.g Gateway of last resort
3.2 Determine how a router makes a forwarding decision by default
- 3.2.a Longest match
- 3.2.b Administrative distance
- 3.2.c Routing protocol metric
3.3 Configure and verify IPv4 and IPv6 static routing
- 3.3.a Default route
- 3.3.b Network route
- 3.3.c Host route
- 3.3.d Floating static
3.4 Configure and verify single area OSPFv2
- 3.4.a Neighbor adjacencies
- 3.4.b Point-to-point
- 3.4.c Broadcast (DR/BDR selection)
- 3.4.d Router ID
3.5 Describe the purpose of first hop redundancy protocol
4.0 IP Services
|4.1 Configure and verify inside source NAT using static and pools
4.2 Configure and verify NTP operating in a client and server mode
4.3 Explain the role of DHCP and DNS within the network
4.4 Explain the function of SNMP in network operations
4.5 Describe the use of syslog features including facilities and levels
4.6 Configure and verify DHCP client and relay
4.7 Explain the forwarding per-hop behavior (PHB) for QoS such as classification, marking, queuing, congestion, policing, shaping
4.8 Configure network devices for remote access using SSH
4.9 Describe the capabilities and function of TFTP/FTP in the network
5.0 Security Fundamentals
|5.1 Define key security concepts (threats, vulnerabilities, exploits, and mitigation techniques)
5.2 Describe security program elements (user awareness, training, and physical access control)
5.3 Configure device access control using local passwords
5.4 Describe security password policies elements, such as management, complexity, and password alternatives (multifactor authentication, certificates, and biometrics)
5.5 Describe remote access and site-to-site VPNs
5.6 Configure and verify access control lists
5.7 Configure Layer 2 security features (DHCP snooping, dynamic ARP inspection, and port security)
5.8 Differentiate authentication, authorization, and accounting concepts
5.9 Describe wireless security protocols (WPA, WPA2, and WPA3)
5.10 Configure WLAN using WPA2 PSK using the GUI
6.0 Automation and Programmability
|6.1 Explain how automation impacts network management
6.2 Compare traditional networks with controller-based networking
6.3 Describe controller-based and software defined architectures (overlay, underlay, and fabric)
- 6.3.a Separation of control plane and data plane
- 6.3.b North-bound and south-bound APIs
6.4 Compare traditional campus device management with Cisco DNA Center enabled device management
6.5 Describe characteristics of REST-based APIs (CRUD, HTTP verbs, and data encoding)
6.6 Recognize the capabilities of configuration management mechanisms Puppet, Chef, and Ansible
6.7 Interpret JSON encoded data
Source: Cisco Certifications and Trainings Page
Click to access ccna-at-a-glance.pdf
Cisco announced the ICND1 and ICND2 exam refresh from version 2.0 to 3.0. With this update, what has actually changed? The Cisco Learning Network Team has provided a list of delta’s that help outline what specific topics have come and gone.
What has changed?
The first change is the exam numbering for ICND1, ICND2 and the CCNA Composite exam. The new exam numbers are as follows:
||NEW EXAM NUMBER
Besides new exam numbers, there are some significant changes to ICND1, ICND2, and CCNA Composite exams… with the addition and removal of content from each exam. This blog will help you navigate these changes, so read on.
What are the details?
ICND1 v3.0 vs ICND1 v2.0
Key Topics Removed or Moved to ICND2 Exam:
- OSPF (single area) and other OSPF topics were moved into ICND2 since RIP is used to introduce CCENT candidates to IP routing protocols.
- Dual Stack was removed since there are many different IPv4 to IPv6 transition technologies being used.
- Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF) has been removed.
Key Topics Added:
- High level knowledge of the impact and interactions of infrastructure components in an Enterprise network, specifically:
- Access Points
- Wireless Controllers
- Awareness of the Collapsed Core architecture compared to traditional three-tier architectures. This option collapses the Distribution and Core into a single tier with the Access as the second tier.
- Configure and verify IPv6 Stateless Address Auto Configuration (SLAAC).
- Added Anycast to the list of IPv6 addressing types.
- Knowledge of Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP). An L2 discovery protocol used in addition to Cisco Discovery Protocol.
- RIPv2 for IPv4 as the primary focus for understanding of how routing protocols work.
- Added requirements to understand DNS and DHCP related connectivity issues.
- Understanding of Syslog message logging for device monitoring.
- Skills and knowledge of device management related to backup and restoring device configurations, IOS feature licensing, and configuring time zones.
ICND2 v3.0 vs ICND2 v2.0
Key Topics Removed:
- Frame-Relay and Serial WAN technologies are no longer covered.
- VRRP and GLBP have been removed from First Hop Redundancy Protocols. Only HSRP remains since it is most commonly deployed.
Key Topics Added:
- Knowledge of dual-homed vs single-homed Intelligent WAN topology options.
- Basic knowledge of external BGP (eBGP) used to connect Enterprise branches.
- Expanded VPN topics to include DMVPN, Site-to-Site VPN, and Client VPN technologies commonly used by Enterprises.
- Understanding of how Cloud resources are being used in Enterprise network architectures, including:
- How cloud services will affect traffic paths and flows
- Common virtualized services and how these coexist with a legacy infrastructure
- Basics of virtual network infrastructure (Network Function Virtualization)
- Awareness of Programmable Network (SDN) architectures including:
- Separation of the control plane and data plane
- How a controller functions and communicates northbound to network applications and southbound to the R&S infrastructure using APIs.
- How to use the Path Trace application for ACLs which is a key new network application enabled by the Application Policy Infrastructure Controller – Enterprise Module (APIC-EM). This tool automates the troubleshooting and resolution of complex ACL deployments.
- Understanding of QoS concepts related to marking, shaping, and policing mechanisms used to manage congestion of various types of traffic. The need for QoS and how it is used for prioritizing voice, video and data traffic. Plus an understanding of the automation provided by programmable networks to implement business critical QoS policies.
Network Engineering Trainings Modules
Career Tips, Certifications Advanced BGP, AINZ, AINZ Technologies, CCNA, CCNA Training Karachi, CCNP, CCNP SP, JNCIA, JNCIP, JNCIS, MPLS Training, Network Trainings
NetCertLabs – CCNA Routing and Switch Lab
2 CDs | .iso | 492 MB
English | AVI/TechSmith, 155 kb/s, 1208×924, 15 fps | MP3, 128 kb/s, 44.1 KHz, 2 ch
The CCNA certification validates the ability to install, configure, operate, and troubleshoot medium-size routed and switched networks. CCNA certified professionals have the knowledge and skills to make connections to remote sites via a WAN, mitigate basic security threats, and understand the requirements for wireless network access. CCNA training covers (but is not limited to) the use of these protocols: IP, Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP), Serial Line Interface Protocol Frame Relay, Routing Information Protocol Version 2 (RIPv2), VLANs, Ethernet, and access control lists (ACLs).